Our Turkish group tour is now towards the end. Leaving Bursa, we were going to Istanbul. On the way, we crossed the Sea of Marmara. For some reason, there were a lot of jellyfish in…
The Sea of Marmara is a fascinating body of water located between the European and Asian sides of Turkey. It connects the Black Sea to the north with the Aegean Sea to the south, making it a vital part of the maritime trade route between Europe and Asia.
Covering an area of approximately 11,350 square kilometers (4,380 square miles), the Sea of Marmara is relatively small compared to other seas. It is characterized by its narrow shape, stretching about 280 kilometers (174 miles) from east to west and averaging 80 kilometers (50 miles) from north to south. The sea is relatively shallow, with an average depth of around 100 meters (330 feet), making it easily navigable for ships.
The sea’s coastline is diverse and captivating. On the European side, Istanbul, one of the most iconic cities in the world, rests on its shores, straddling the Bosporus Strait. Istanbul’s magnificent skyline can be observed from various points along the sea, offering a stunning blend of modern and historical architecture.
The Sea of Marmara is dotted with numerous islands, the most famous being the Princes’ Islands. These islands, characterized by their tranquil atmosphere, are popular destinations for day trips or weekend getaways. They are known for their charming villages, pine forests, and stunning beaches, offering a serene escape from the bustling city life.
The sea’s waters are a rich blend of saltwater from the Mediterranean and freshwater inflow from various rivers, including the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus. This unique mixture contributes to the sea’s ecological diversity, supporting a wide range of marine life, including fish, mollusks, and crustaceans. It is also home to important habitats for migratory birds and serves as a significant breeding ground for marine species.
The historical and cultural significance of the Sea of Marmara cannot be overlooked. Its strategic location has made it a vital trade route throughout history, dating back to ancient times. It has witnessed the rise and fall of numerous civilizations, leaving behind a rich heritage of archaeological sites and submerged ruins that attract researchers and history enthusiasts.
The Sea of Marmara is a captivating blend of natural beauty, historical significance, and cultural diversity. Whether you’re exploring its coastline, sailing its waters, or immersing yourself in its vibrant history, the Sea of Marmara offers a unique and unforgettable experience.